Diana is going to spend her summer holiday in London and she is eager to become acquainted with the British culture and way of life. Diana Oprea: Hello, Sarah! Sarah Cooper: How was your journey? You must be exhausted! Diana Oprea: Well, not quite!
Chromatic Terms in Romanian Onomastics
Sarah Cooper: Never mind. We had some problems at take-off because of the fog. It is so noisy in here! Sarah Cooper: I was asking about your luggage! Did you get it? Then I had to find the real owner of the luggage I held in my hand and switch suitcases.
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And here I am! Sarah Cooper: My brother will help you. She motions to a sea quill werbal fat burner review man who was waiting nearby. Allow me to introduce him to you! Paul Cooper: Hello! Diana Oprea: Hello! The pleasure is all mine!
You must be really hungry. I think food is the last thing one would want in a plane! Paul Cooper: Taxi!
The three of them get into the taxi and Paul gives the driver the directions. My name is X. I am from X. How do you do?
May I introduce myself? I work in X. I live in X etc. Informal Hello! Exercise 2. Use the language functions presented in the box above to introduce yourself to each of the people below and suggest an appropriate response. Exercise 3. Imagine a dialogue in this situation using formulas from the language functions box and from the thematic vocabulary boxes.
While the four countries share many customs, each has its own set of cultural nuances. The English are courteous, unassuming and unabrasive and are very proud of their long and rich history. While cool and aloof externally, they are extremely sentimental about their family and their country. Overall Scots are free of class consciousness and social elitism, except in religion. Most Welshmen are of Welsh or English heritage.
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Many immigrants have come from former British colonies and other parts of the U. The Welsh take great pride in their country and their heritage and they love to sing and talk and spend much of their free time at home with their families.
The other third are of Irish descent. The Irish value friendliness, sincerity and nature. They dislike pretentious behaviour and possess a strong work ethic. Family ties are very important in Northern Ireland. In fact, they are very friendly and helpful to foreigners. Shake hands again when leaving.
Here are some of the most common: Handshake A handshake1 is a short ritual-like gesture in which two persons, usually men, grasp2 their right in some cultures, their left hands, often accompanied by a brief shake of the grasped hands. People sea quill werbal fat burner review shake hands when meeting, departing, congratulating, or completing an agreement with a second party. Rejecting a handshake is generally considered inappropriate, and in most social circles the one with higher social status is expected to initiate handshaking.
An explanation of the presence of the right hand in the ritual of hand shaking could be thought of in historical terms. For instance, in medieval times the left hand would typically be used in holding a shield5, therefore the greeting of sea quill werbal fat burner review other person, be it a potential enemy, would be safer performed by the grăsime arzător universal hand.
An exception is nowadays represented by boy scouts6, who specifically use a left handshake. In some cultures, to offer the left hand instead of the right was considered an insult, and is still considered as such in Arabic and Oriental societies. Thus the right-handed handshake is still more frequently seen, and is commonly considered the polite version of the ritual. The handshake is originally a pre-Islamic tradition, which spread with the expansion of the Islamic7 empire.
It was brought into practice in its present form in Western society by English Quakers8 in 17th century as a more egalitarian9 and simpler alternative to the complex greeting etiquette10 of the contemporary higher social classes. Today the handshake is sea quill werbal fat burner review and practised throughout the world, though in many cultures alternative customs11 for greeting, such as bowing12 or cheek kissing, are still preferred.
Although not as frequent as handshaking, it assumes the role of a greeting showing respect and gratitude. Along history different cultures have tummy slimming capris bowing in a variety of ways and circumstances. Ever since the samurai16 era, bowing has been the traditional greeting in Japan.
In most cases, bowing expresses a greeting accompanying usual greeting phrases Good morning, Good afternoon etc. However, different bows are also used for apologizing, showing gratitude17 and expressing different emotions humility18, sincerity, remorse19, or deference20in various traditional arts tea ritual and religious ceremonies. Cheek kissing21 Cheek kissing is a ritual or social gesture that is meant to indicate friendship, to perform a greeting, to congratulate, to comfort22 someone, or to show respect, without necessarily indicating sexual or romantic pierderea în greutate mesele pentru sănătatea bărbaților. Europeans, mostly the Southerners, practise cheek kissing more often than North Americans, especially when family members or close friends are involved.
However, cheek kissing between two persons of the same sex brings up associations with homosexuality in Western Europe and the US, while being socially accepted in Russia and the Middle East. Hand kissing23 Hand kissing is a ritual of greeting and showing respect.
The person kissing usually the manbows towards the hand usually offered sea quill werbal fat burner review the woman and symbolically touches the knuckles24 with his lips, while lightly25 holding the offered hand. The gesture is short, lasting less than five seconds. In its modern form a man kissing the hand of a womanthe hand kiss originated in the Spanish court ceremonies of the 17thth centuries and became common practice in European upper classes in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Hand kissing has become rare nowadays and is mostly restricted to conservative upper classes or diplomats. It has largely disappeared as a common greeting habit in Europe; yet it still occurs in conservative upper classes28 and diplomatic milieux In present day Romania, however, hand kissing is still common especially among the older generation, the young scoffing30 it off in their great majority.
Its aim is to develop young people physically, spiritually and mentally through non—formal education with emphasis on practical activities in the open so that youth may take a constructive place in society.
Their sacred book is the Quran; Islam 8 Quakers — The Religious Society of Friends, a body of Christians who believed that all persons may perceive the word of God in their soul, immediately and individually. They rejected a formal creed, worshipped on the basis of silence, and regarded every participant to the ritual as a potential vessel for the word of God, instead of relying upon a special, paid clergy; Secta Quakerilor 9 egalitarian — believing that all people are equally important and should have the same rights and opportunities in life; egalitar ist 10 etiquette — the set of rules or customs which control accepted behaviour in particular social groups or social situations norme de etichetă 11 custom — a way of behaving or a belief which has been established for a long time; sg.
Answer the following questions related to Text B: 1. Why do people shake hands? What is the origin of a handshake? Who initiates handshaking? What hand is usually used in handshaking? What are bows used to express? Where is cheek kissing mostly practised?
What is the origin of hand kissing? Is hand kissing used nowadays? Choose a historical period and describe imagine various greeting habits occurring in that period.
Use a suitable monolingual dictionary to write the phonetic transcription of the words listed at Vocabulary Notes. Find synonyms of the following words: agreement, authority, comfort, deference, insult, replace.